- Plural of motel
Entering dictionaries after World War II, the word motel, an abbreviation of motor and hotel or motorists' hotel, referred initially to a type of hotel in the form of a single building of connected rooms whose doors faced a parking lot and, in some circumstances, a common area; or a series of small cabins with common parking. As the United States highway system began to develop in the 1920s, long distance road journeys became more common and the need for inexpensive, easily accessible overnight accommodation sited close to the main routes, led to the growth of the motel concept. Unlike their predecessors, auto camps and tourist courts, motels quickly adopted a homogenized appearance. They are typically constructed in an 'I'- or 'L'- or 'U'-shaped layout that includes guest rooms, an attached manager's office, a small reception and, in some cases, a small diner. Post-war motels sought more visual distinction, often featuring eye-catching neon signs which employed themes from popular culture, ranging from Western imagery of cowboys and Indians to contemporary images of spaceships and atomic era iconography.
In their early years, motels were mom-and-pop facilities on the outskirts of a town. They attracted the first road warriors as they crossed the United States in their new automobiles. As well as their nominal purpose as a provision of accommodation for travelers, their anonymity made them ideal trysting places (or the hot trade in the industry's jargon). The famous outlaws Bonnie and Clyde were frequent guests at motels, using them as hideouts. This perceived association with lust and larceny alarmed then FBI chief J. Edgar Hoover, who attacked motels and auto camps in "Camps of Crime", an article he penned in the 1940s.
Motels differ from hotels in their common location along highways, as opposed to the urban cores favored by hotels, and their orientation to the outside (in contrast to hotels whose doors typically face an interior hallway). Motels almost by definition include a parking lot, while older hotels were not built with automobile parking in mind.
With the 1952 introduction of Kemmons Wilson's Holiday Inn, the mom-and-pop motels of that era went into decline. Eventually, the emergence of the interstate highway system, along with other factors, led to a blurring of the motel and the hotel, though family-owned motels with as few as five rooms may still be found, especially along older highways.
Long-termMotels with low rates sometimes serve as housing for people who are not able to afford an apartment or have recently lost their home and need somewhere to stay until further arrangements are made. Motels catering to long-term stays often have kitchenettes.
- See also: Love hotel
FilmsThe Bates Motel is an important part of Psycho, a 1959 novel by Robert Bloch and the 1960 Alfred Hitchcock film of the same name. Film sequels Psycho II and Psycho III feature the motel as does the 1987 television movie Bates Motel.
Legal issuesMotels have also served as a haven for fugitives of the law. In the past, the anonymity and the ability to move around easily between motels in different regions by dropping in and checking out with a simple registration process allowed fugitives to remain ahead of the law. However, several advances have reduced the capacity of motels to serve this purpose. Credit card transactions, which in the past were more easily approved and took days to report, are now approved or declined on the spot, and are instantly recorded in a database, thereby allowing law enforcement access to this information. This system was implemented in 1993 after the abduction and murder of Donna Martz, whose credit card was used by her killers following her death to purchase food, gasoline, and to pay for overnight motel stays. The story of Martz's disappearance, leading to the development of this system, was described on The FBI Files. Laws in many places now require registering guests to present a government-issued photo ID, especially when paying with cash. Local law enforcement agencies frequently check motels when they suspect a wanted individual may be staying in their jurisdiction.
motels in Danish: Motel
motels in German: Motel
motels in Estonian: Motell
motels in Spanish: Motel (establecimiento)
motels in Persian: راهسرا
motels in Italian: Motel
motels in Dutch: Motel
motels in Polish: Motel
motels in Portuguese: Motel
motels in Finnish: Motelli
motels in Swedish: Motell
motels in Chinese: 汽車旅館